Fra fokus på udviklingslandenes sociale fremgang og politiske uafhængighed til fokus på fremme af Danmarks interesser i en mere fredelig, stabil og lige verden - En analyse af dansk udviklingspolitik fra 2006 til 2018

Maria Richardt Schoop

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The target that donor countries like Denmark should provide 0,7% of their GNI as Official Development Assistance (ODA) is based on the estimate on inflows, required for developing economies to achieve desirable growth rates. ODA has however been criticised by a body of literature, who argue how donor countries’ own self-interest, deliberately or not is embedded within the ODA. The motives behind Danish ODA, point at a consolidation of altruistic values and self-interest. Due to recent criticism by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and public announcements from the Danish government, this thesis investigates how the development priorities of the Danish government have changed from 2006-2018. Furthermore it deals with the change in the explicitly expressed motives behind the development cooperation and to which extent this development seems to be reflected in the distribution of funding. Drawing on the theoretical framework of policy-framing and institutional changes, and by applying a qualitative content analysis of government documents on priorities and descriptive statistics on annual reports of Danida, the thesis argue:
1) Poverty, environment, hiv/aids, efficiency and humanitarian crisis are no longer framed, as problems the government prioritises to address. However poverty reduction still occurs to be a main objective. Instead growth, refugees, human rights and democracy together with women’s rights and equality dominate the agenda. 2) The motive behind the development cooperation is to a greater extent focused on Danish self-interests during the period. And 3) both the priorities and the increased focus on self-interest seem to be reflected within an institutional change in the funding, and in the motive within the legal framework. However there are exceptions, a lack of transparency, and significant uncertainty related to the use of the Danidas statistical data.

Keywords: Official Development Assistance, Danish aid, Self-interest, government priorities, framing

UddannelserPolitik og Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato17 jan. 2017
VejledereKennet Lynggaard

Emneord

  • Udviklingsbistand
  • Internationalt udviklingssamarbejde
  • Egeninteresser
  • Altruisme
  • Framing