This project sets out to understand Jürgen Habermas' and Michel Foucault’s theories revolving around philosophy of language, method, subjectivity and social critique and the relations between these concepts, as they are portrayed in the analyses of Habermas and Foucault. An attempt is made to map out the differences between the two theorists while at the same time seeking common ground between them, so as to show how their theories can shed light on different aspects of the issues in which they share an interest. To gain an understanding of the two theorists’ work which makes it possible to draw a comparison between them, an extensive account of their philosophies is required. The resources necessary for this account have been acquired through reading of secondary and primary literature, amongst which has been several comparative analyses of their work. It has come to light that the debate between them has been somewhat obscure, as they have dissimilar strengths within related fields. This fact results in all debates falling to one or the other’s advantage. This paper therefore explores the possibility of clarifying the debate from an impartial point of view through a comparative analysis focusing on the abovementioned points of confrontation, and thereby supplementing the ongoing debate. It is concluded that the two philosophers have conflicting views on most issues, owing, amongst other things, to their affiliation with a structuralist tradition on Foucault’s part and a pragmatist view on Habermas’. Nevertheless, they share a common interest in the emancipatory prospects of contemporary society. Due to their different views on this issue, new attempts to theorize emancipation can benefit from the employment of both their strategies as a way of targeting different issues of modernity.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 jan. 2013|
- Philosophy of language
- Social critique