Fortællinger fra en storby. En byrumsanalyse af københavnske vejvisere 1856 til 1902

Yvonne Skov Grønlund

Studenteropgave: Speciale


During the second half of the 19th century Copenhagen went through an extensive city development. Socially, geographically and culturally the city changed. In the beginning of the century the town was the small capitol of an absolute monarchy closed in by ramparts. By the end for the century Copenhagen had become an open, capitalistic and modern city. The modern city was formed by city planners, but also intellectuals shaped ideas of the modern city in the public debate. I raise the question of how the city in fact was described in the period between 1856 and 1902. Therefore I analyse a number of city guides written in the period. The guides are different from each other, but all seek to give the readers concrete information about the city and useful tips about where to go and what to see. In the same time the guides have a narrative character. I am therefore analysing the guides as told stories that structure the city in patterns of meaning i.e. narratives. I am especially inspired by the work of Henri Lefebvre, Kirsten Simonsen, Landa Nead, Karin Lützen and Martin Zerlang. In the first part of the analysis I debate how the city is seen through the eyes of the narrator. In most of the city guides the narrator takes the reader to see Copenhagen from above. The view of the city tells a story about a city that is spreading in the landscape. In the same time it tells a story about a city that, despite growth, still can be overviewed in one glance. In this narrative the city development becomes tangible. The narrators view the city from the perspective of the cultured and educated man. This perspective is later used to define other social groups in terms of values of life, such as moderation, economic and spiritual wealth. Part two is about city space. The narratives unfold in the description of different spaces in the city. In the shopping areas of downtown the city space is constructed as a modern capitalistic metropolis. In other areas architecture is in focus in a narrative about a neat and well-arranged space that seems like it has been constructed to please the viewer. It resembles the space of a museum. These narratives of city space are based upon different points of view on historic events. Narratives of the past are also to some extent narratives of the present. The descriptions of the city are very concrete. But still the narratives give the impression of an idealistic Copenhagen; socially and culturally well-ordered, neat and tangible.

UddannelserKultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato23 feb. 2011
VejledereKarin Cohr Lützen & Lise Paulsen Galal


  • byrumsanalyse, københavn, 1800-tallet, vejviser, byudvikling, kulturstudier, modernitet