This paper examines how the dilemma between freedom and authority is reflected in parenthood of today's society, and how four individual parents handle this dilemma in practice. Furthermore, how can we contribute to the established understanding of parenthood in contemporary society?
To shed light on this topic our study is based on four interviews with parents and their experiences and thoughts of their existing parenthood.
The first part of the paper explores Jesper Juul’s, Margrethe Brun Hansen’s, and Per Schultz Jørgensen’s expert ideals of parenthood to examine their position on the dilemma between freedom and authority. Juul, Brun Hansen and Schultz Jørgensen are thereafter placed in Diana Baumrind's ‘Parenting Styles’ typology, to visualize the positioning of their ideals. Juul is placed in Baumrind’s ‘permissive’ parenting category, Schultz Jørgensen is placed in the ‘authoritative’ parenting category, and Brun Hansen is placed in the ‘authoritative’ category but with an arrow towards the ‘permissive’ category signaling her movement towards the ‘permissive’ category in later years of upbringing. We then analyse our four interviews looking for cases and/or thoughts connected to the dilemma between freedom and authority, and place our interview subjects in the typology. This research shows that Mother 1 and Mother 2 are placed in the right side of the typology, which is the more controlling side, as it is through control they handle the dilemma between freedom and authority. Father 1 and Father 2 are placed on the left and less controlling side of the typology, as they mostly raise their children and handle the dilemma with freedom. Our study therefore implies that fathers are less authoritative than mothers, which means we can contribute to the existing knowledge on the subject, by focusing on differences between mother and father values.
In the final phase of our analysis we compare the placement of the experts in the typology with the placement of our interview subjects to examine whether our four examples of parenthood, based on the interviews, represent or deviate from the experts’ ideals. The analysis shows us that our four interview subjects’ parenthood are way too complex to place in a typology over four parenting styles. Furthermore that their parenting style has elements of the experts’ ideals but also varies a lot depending on the situation. Therefore the paper concludes that the ideals cannot completely represent what happens in reality, and the dilemma between freedom and authority is found in, and managed differently in all of our four interview subjects’ lives and parenthood.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||28 maj 2018|