Fighting Human Trafficking in the European Union: A master’s thesis on the ability of EU law to fight trafficking in women for sexual exploitation

Stine Piilgaard Porner Nielsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Human trafficking is considered to be modern day slavery. The EU continuously seeks to strengthen its fight against this crime, latest with the Directive on Prevention, Combat and Protection adopted in April 2011. But to what extent is the EU able to fight human trafficking through law? Human trafficking is a complex problem which can be assessed from different perspectives. The EU primarily addresses the fight against human trafficking through criminal law, and this thesis investigates the extent to which EU law is able to fight trafficking in women for sexual exploitation. This is done by analysing the EU’s legal framework within the field of human trafficking, conducting interviews with experts, and drawing on policy reports, books and journals. Sociology of law is applied to investigate how law is able to influence norms of society and vice versa. Furthermore, Niklas Luhmann’s system theory is applied to explain the ability and challenges of EU law: Law is a social sub system, and is limited by its legal code; legal/illegal, in its ability to fight trafficking in women for sexual exploitation. It appears that the legal code cannot contribute to mitigating root causes of human trafficking. However, the adoption of the Directive on Prevention, Combat and Protection strengthens the EU’s efforts in combating trafficking in women for sexual exploitation as it applies a holistic, human rights-centred approach and calls for increased focus on regulating the demand side: Prostitution.

UddannelserEU-studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Basis
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato7 sep. 2011
VejledereLisbet Christoffersen