Fattigdom, Ungdom og Etnicitet: Risikofaktorer for Udbruddet af den Voldelige Konflikt i Rwanda i 1994?

Amalie Holch Schmidt

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The master thesis investigates and analyses how the factors of poverty, youth and ethnicity can explain the outbreak of the violent conflict in Rwanda. Methodically, several different theorists within studies of violent conflicts are used, such as Paul Collier, Henrik Urdal and Johan Galtung, who each deal with the above factors and violent conflict. Theoretical disagreements and different conclusions are analysed, among others with reference to Galtung's triangle model of conflict and Collier’s ‘greed vs. grievance’ theory, and compared in relation to the factors and the relationship with the outbreak of violent conflicts through a case study of Rwanda. Furthermore, the factors are isolated and examined theoretically to construct an analytical framework consisting of three different research questions that reflect three factors that are expected to be of great importance. These are tested in the selected Rwandan case. The master thesis identifies and analyses the nuances and complexities of the literature and concludes that all three factors are linked to the violent conflict in Rwanda and constituted a risk for the onset of this.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato31 jan. 2015


  • Rwanda
  • Voldelige konflikter