This paper seeks to explore the question concerning false memories in testimony and the validity of people's memories in a lawsuit and which aspects that can distort them. Over the past few years, several examples occur where the juries have convicted a felon based on testimonies from eyewitnesses. To understand truth and memories as a psychological phenomenon, theories within the psychoa-nalysis, cognitive psychology and eyewitness psychology will be applied. Within these psychologi-cal areas we use different theories such as Repression, Suggestibility Autobiographical Memory and Nachträglichkeit to answer these questions. Furthermore, this paper has made use of two separate cases to illustrate how the theories can be used in real life situations. As a conclusion to our question, we find that we can not give a definitive answer on whether eye-witnesses and witnesses in general are valid in legal proceedings, but rather give an answer to var-ious pitfalls that can occur during the use of eyewitnesses testimonies.
|Uddannelser||Psykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 maj 2016|