Fællesskaber i Klubben - Køn, alder og etnicitet

Sabrina von Benzon, Stine Bang Schmidt, Døgg Eyðunsdóttir Hoydal & Mikkel Schiott

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This study aims to examine how adolescents engage in self-generated communities in a recreational club during their early teenage years. The core of this study has been to investigate the nature of the communities amongst the adolescents. In order to gather the most trustworthy empirical data, we have encountered our group of participants in their natural environment and only met with them in and around the recreational club they had already chosen to attend, regardless of our study. We have examined a specific club in the outskirts of Copenhagen and observed a group of young people between the ages of 14 to 18. The majority of the youngsters come from backgrounds with limited resources and live in socially disadvantaged areas. Many of the adolescents come from families who have immigrated to Denmark and their self-perception is therefore colored by their ethnical background. In our empirical approach, we have studied categories such as gender, age, and ethnicity and how these aspects affect adolescents when they interact with their peers. With regard to gender, the study shows that gender is a significant factor in the ways the adolescents enter into the communities within the club. The boys’ groups are large and open and, by and large, determined by activities. On the contrary, the girls’ communities are smaller and more closed and consist of girls who are, mentally, at the same stage of their development. Therefore, we have concluded that a community consisting of only one gender has to restructure itself if both sexes are present. This means adapting to a new, revised community and having to reposition accordingly. Thus, gender plays a vital part in the self-image of the adolescents in a given community. As to the category of age, it became evident that there is a critical turning point at the age of 18. The adolescents more or less divide themselves into communities according to whether they are over or under the age of 18. The clubs and the activities they offer also reinforce this classification. Nonetheless, this creates a dissension in their self-image and can lead to a feeling of marginalization because of the change in the relationship to the other adolescents and to the adults in the club, who have acted as role models for some of them.Turning to the category of ethnicity, we have concluded that this is not the most crucial factor for the adolescents in their creation of communities in the club. The adolescents tend to adjust to the majority in the community based on their gender. The girls position themselves through looks and appearance, while the boys tend to position themselves through their use of language in order to fit in with the majority. By comparing our findings within these three categories; gender, age and ethnicity, it becomes obvious that gender is the most influential category when it comes to how the adolescents form communities within the club. The significance of the three categories is primarily understandable within the scope of their coherence.

UddannelserPsykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato19 maj 2015


  • Køn
  • Alder
  • Sociale kategorier
  • Intersektionalitet
  • Etnicitet
  • Ungdomsklub
  • Fællesskaber