The main point of this paper will be to determine how the sanctions against Russia due to its involvement in the Ukrainian conflict, imposed by the EU, can be understood from a power perspective. To that end, a mixture of qualitative (small scope and in-depth look) and quantitative (the use of several tables and quite a bit of numerical data) will be used to answer the question. Three research papers, as well as two reviews a by NATO and EU plus an essay and article, will provide the foundation for or analysis and upon which the arguments are built. Moreover, Neoliberalism and structural realism are the theories that will be used in the analysis: the former explains institutions’ roles or more specific EU’s role in possibly contributing in changing of other actors’ behavior, as well as the importance of interdependence, and who stands to lose the most in the current situation; the latter focuses on conflicts and the use of power in them, as well as on the relationship between the EU and Russia and how power is used as an instrument behind certain decisions. Power is the third type of theory used, and it describes how states get what they want, whether it be through direct, aggressive means via hard power, or more subtle persuasion via soft power or a combination of the two smart power. Overall, from the research in this project it is obvious that Russia is more dependent on the EU economically than vice versa, making the sanctions an effective power instrument as they slowly eroded Russia’s economy, leading to recession of the Russian economy. Since the EU is not on the same level of dependency, it has actually been able to whether the revenue lost to the sanctions and the Kremlin’s counter-embargoes without too many issues. It seems that, despite some internal discord and the Crimean peninsula still being part of Russia, the sanctions seem to be showing effect; this by preventing Russia in invading other cities in Ukraine, as feared by the West.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||20 dec. 2016|