EU-Kenya Trade Relations - The Kenyan Cut Flower Industry: EU-Kenya handelsrelationer - Den Kenyanske blomsterproduktion

Anne-Sofie Lilly Kaiser, Katrine Thomsen, Nicolai Kvist Brondt & Ann Sophie Dorph Andersen

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt

Abstrakt

This project examines the trade relation between EU and Kenya. It focuses specifically on the Kenyan cut flower industry, as an example on how the trade relation affects different aspects of an industry and the production practices. The cut flower industry is examined in the area of Lake Naivasha in Kenya, as it represents great importance for the industry. An economic theoretical framework, consisting of David Ricardo’s comparative ad-vantages and Paul Krugman’s new trade theory, form the basis of an economic analysis on the trade relation and the cut flower industry. Theory on sustainability is used in an analysis on the ecological and social aspects of the industry. This is supplemented with two expert interviews, which constitutes the empirical data of this project. The interview-ees are representatives from two political opposite organisations in Denmark: Afrika Kontakt and the Danish Agriculture & Food Council. The project concludes that the cut flower industry in Kenya is not sustainable due to eco-logical, social and economic aspects. The use of pesticides, exploitation of resources, ex-ploitation of cheap work force, explosive population growth, dependency on the Europe-an market, and a highly presence of FDIs and TNCs are characteristics of the Kenyan cut flower industry. Yet, these characteristics form the basis of an unsustainable industry. Kenya has indeed reaped great economic benefit from the cut flower production, but in order to continue this economic development the industry must be restructured with focus on sustainability. How these structural changes should occur to create long-term devel-opment for Kenya is a political question, which is subject to many debates – even in Denmark. The two interviews of this project have strong opposite perceptions of this de-velopmental issue. These opposite positions form the basis of the project’s discussion. Lastly, the project seeks to broaden the debate and include other aspects related to the problem area. This dissemination is presented in a perspectival discussion.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato23 maj 2016
Antal sider60
VejledereThorkil Casse

Emneord

  • Frihandel
  • Kenya
  • EU
  • Handelsaftaler
  • Bæredygtighed
  • Blomsterproduktion