EU conditionality - and public administration reform in the Western Balkans

Anne Hald Petersen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The following project is concerned with how EU administrative conditionality to the Western Balkans leads to reform of the public administrations. An analysis of EU administrative conditionality to the rule adoption of the Civil Service Law of 1999 in Albania will provide a case study for answering the research question. The case study allows for a discussion of domestic politics and intervening factors, necessary in order to study the role of the EU. Reform of the public administration is defined as a precondition for economic and democratic reform and has lately become a key reform area in the EU integration process. The external governance theory of the External Incentive Model is used as the theoretical framework and applied to analyse EU administrative conditionality to the formal and behavioural rule adoption of the Civil Service Law in Albania in the period of 1996-2009. It will by the analysis be evident that the main factor affecting the rule adoption in Albania is the interest of the political actors of reducing the scope of the law and to ensure that it is not implemented and enhanced. This is evident as not even political consensus, which should lead to high adoption pressure, has sufficient impact. The development of a high determinacy and credibility of EU administrative conditionality does not alter the interest of the political actors sufficiently. Prospect of EU membership is concluded to not automatically lead to reform of the public administration in Albania. Adopting the case study to the reform of public administrations of the Western Balkans it is concluded that EU administrative conditionality does not lead to reform of the public administration in the Western Balkans without a domestic political environment ready and willing to fully adopt the conditions of the EU. This also shows that EU-driven reforms in the Western Balkans does not automatically lead to the establishment of a public administration capable of ensuring democratic and economic reform as well as being capable of implementing the acquis communautaire of the EU.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato8 jun. 2010

Emneord

  • EU, Western Balkan, Albania