Ettelaat og oprøret i Qom - Iran 1978

Gress Mose & Laura Kathrine

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Abstract “Ettelaat og oprøret I Qom – Iran 1978” is based on an interview with Hossein Hosseini, Chairman of Den Iranske Forening i Danmark (the Iranian association in Denmark), concerning the events preceding the Iranian revolution in 1978. Hossein Hosseini encouraged the author of this report to trace the spark that ignited the powder keg. In this specific context, the spark was an article, and the powder keg was the Iranian revolution. According to Hossein, an article published by 'Ettelaat', the government supported newspaper, caused the Iranian revolution to erupt. This report therefore focuses on an investigation and analysis of the content of this article, which has been translated from the original Persian version into Danish by two different translators [for this purpose]. Following a comparative analysis of the two translations, this report reaches several conclusions, for example that the content of the article [refers to/reflects] two prevalent themes in Iran's recent history. One is Iran's relationship with the great powers, and another is the fight for a government constitution. Based on a historical review of Iran's recent history, the analysis concludes that the article's author intends to quell the trends shown by the Iranian population that favour the opposition. He therefore questions the notion of the opposition's holy leader, imam Khomeini's religious and national legitimacy by claiming that Khomeini is not only in collusion with the great powers, but is also a heathen. This report concludes that the author of the article's plan fails. Following a long history with dictatorship and repression of freedom of speech, the Iranian people trust neither the regime nor the press that represents it, and therefore perceive the content of the article as pure fabrication. The report also concludes that the article's reference to the Iranian's collective history excludes important details, such as the Shah's cooperation with the USA, and instead turns criticism of the regime against the opposition. It is presumably this tactic that triggered the violent reaction among the article's readers.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato28 jun. 2011
VejledereHenrik Jensen


  • Den iranske revolution 1978-79