Ethics in Ecosystem Conservation

Pauline Sørensen, Riccardo Astiri, Motaman Adel Sadour, Elena-Madalina Hizanu, Andreas Friis Petersen & Ida Cynthia Rex

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt


This report deals with the concept of ethics in ecosystem management, specifically in the case of endangered ecosystems. The goal of this paper will be to answer the following question:
What are the ethical issues arising from the management of threatened ecosystems?
In order to answer this research question, a thorough theoretical research about ecosystems and nature
ethics in ecosystem conservation is conducted. In addition, knowledge about the multiple management
methods available in the different types of ecosystems is acquired.
Ecosystems provide a variety of services, all essential for the well being of humans as well as for biodiversity in general. However, human activities have major negative impacts on ecosystems and their species
causing them to become endangered.
Case studies of three threatened ecosystems are conducted, these being the Belize Barrier reef; the
Brazilian Amazon rainforest and European grasslands. For each, background knowledge and a concise
ethical analysis of the ecosystem’s management are garnered. Each ethical analysis considers the points of
views of the different stakeholders involved in the management action.
When it comes to decision making, not everybody’s needs can be answered, and so compromises have to
be made. Hence, varying levels of conflict are observable depending on the case. The Belize Barrier reef is
the least disputed since a majority of the stakeholders agree with the management strategy. The Amazon
case study, even though quite controversial, still has more entities complying with the management strategy.
The biggest conflict arises in the case of European grasslands, where an equal amount of the stakeholders
are agreeing and disagreeing with the management strategy.
The following issues could then be extracted from the discussion: conflicts in decision making and
amongst stakeholders, the lack of fulfilling everybody’s needs and the consequences of the management
actions. Balancing scientific facts and personal needs is crucial. Additionally, considering the undeniable fact
that there will never be a perfect solution, including everybody’s views is an important part of conservation

UddannelserBasis - International Naturvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato16 dec. 2019
Antal sider60
VejledereSøren Laurentius Nielsen