Et postkolonialt blik på den franske nation - En undersøgelse af erindringen af den franske kolonihistorie, set gennem to museer

Nynne Kjøller Stadelund & Nadia Yasmin Brakti

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis revolves around the issue of the colonial legacy in contemporary France. As a colonial museum doesn’t exist, our aim is to investigate the memory of the colonial past in two museums Le Musée du Quai Branly and Le Musée National de l’Histoire de l’Immigration, both situated in Paris. We wish to establish the relation between what is exhibited in museums, their representation of the colonial past and how it may affect the definition of French national identity. We will examine this matter through theories about nation-states (Benedict Anderson) and museums as contact zones (James Clifford). What concerns us is whether the museums confront the official French narratives, and as they both proclaim as their own aim, to confront stereotypical narratives of “the Other”. These narratives are important and decisive, as they tend to define who is French and included in society, and who is not. We will point out and define these narratives in the museums, to understand the French society today and how it understands its “others”. The analysis will lead to a discussion of the importance of representation and how little representation is better than none. Furthermore we will investigate how a museum as an institution has the possibility to challenge the national narrative by creating new ones. Our study has shown that the colonial past is not a part of the national memory and how it affects the French society.

UddannelserKultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato3 apr. 2018
Antal sider84
VejledereLars Jensen


  • Kolonialisme
  • nation
  • national identitet
  • museum
  • postkolonialisme
  • forestillede fællesskaber
  • contact zones