The purpose of this project is to seek solutions to the fact, that there is a great potential for energy savings in households, which is not realised in spite of the economic advantages related to these savings. Many technological solutions for bringing down energy use in households are well known and well tested, but barriers by the end users, such as lack of interest and lack of knowledge are standing in the way of implementing them. By creating a new commodity, energy services, it may be possible to overcome some of the traditional barriers. An Energy Service may for example be the provision of 20C in the end user home, lighting and use of selected appliances. By offering this commodity, the number of decisions made by the individual household in order to meet their fundamental needs in a cost effective way is reduced. The research question; How can an efficient market for energy services aimed at households be build? takes its point of departure in the fact, that in Denmark, no companies offer such a service and no costumers are demanding it. Thus, there is no market for Energy Services and the commodity itself is undeveloped. The research field is both the demand side and supply side of such a market. On the demand side, the greatest potentials for savings in buildings are located. Ownership forms such as social housing, co-op apartments and self-owned apartments are researched with the aim of discovering, which ownership forms are suitable for a start-up market, and how energy services can be integrated in the decision-making process. On the supply side, it is researched how the energy service can be developed, how companies wishing to offer energy services (Energy Service Companies, ESCOs) can organise themselves, and how contact to potential costumers can be established. The conclusion of the project contains two elements. Firstly, three concepts for energy services have been developed. The first concept is an energy service based on well know technologies, where the main task for the ESCO is to provide methods of finance for energy savings, that the household would not else wise find attractive. The second concept involves the implementation of sophisticated technological solutions where the technology will help to further optimize the energy consumption and make it possible to consume electricity when the price is low. The last concept will focus on a better adaptation of household into the energy system by making it into an active player. The second part of the conclusion contains a range of recommendations on measures that should to be taken in order to create an efficient market for these concepts. The recommendations are aimed at policy makers, and stakeholders on both the supply side and demand side of the market. In a wider perspective, the conclusions from this project may also be used to develop markets for energy services aimed at other sectors than households.
|Uddannelser||TekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||1 jun. 2006|
|Vejledere||Tyge Kjær & Jan Andersen|
- fleksibelt elforbrug
- energy service