This thesis takes its point of departure in the islands of Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania that shares the characteristics of the developing world and yet has its own unique context and challenges with regards to environmental, social and economic issues. In order to meet some of these challenges it is argued that a transition of the energy system towards renewable energy is needed. On this basis, the following research question is examined: How can a transition of Zanzibar’s energy system with a specific focus on an electricity supply based on renewable energy contribute to the sustainable development of Zanzibar? The starting point for the examination of the research question is to develop an analytical framework based on the structure of existing international Low Carbon Development tools and modified with the normative inputs from theories of sustainability. Through this framework four steps to the specific transition in Zanzibar are identified and discussed including energy mapping, objectives of the transition, assessment of potentials, and discussion of realization. In the analysis these steps are undertaken by focusing on the specific empirical context that is the electricity supply on Zanzibar and the challenges that the islands face in terms of sustainable development. It is concluded that Zanzibar would be best served by choosing a transition path that includes the self-reliant supply of electricity from local renewable sources such as biomass and wind, though the political choices made for this path must leave room for other possible solutions in the future too. Therefore, this path should be based on principles of sustainability as an integrated part of a strategic ‘backcasting’ plan in order to gain the desired ideal state of environmental, social and economic development. Choosing a less ambitious transition, more in line with current international Low Carbon Development tools, with wind energy as a supplement to imports from the mainland will not result in sustainable development nor meet the challenges that Zanzibar faces today.
|Uddannelser||TekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||2 sep. 2013|
|Vejledere||Tyge Kjær & Jan Andersen|
- Bæredygtig udvikling