This project report interest lies in the dispute between Immanuel Kant and Johan Gottfried von Herder and concerns each of their contrasting perspectives on the philosophy of history, in a comparative setup. The main focus rests on differences between the two, although similarities get treated to a minor degree. Relating to topics the report attempts to go in-depth with the two philosophers’ methodological considerations, the beginning of humanity and the end goals. Additionally, philosophical assumptions about language are included to achieve an even more nuanced understanding of their positions regarding the philosophy of history. Furthermore important analytical themes such as relativism/universalism, individual/humankind, morality/happiness and rationalism/empiricism, will be discussed in continuation of the topics mentioned above. Conclusively it is stated that Kant and Herder both developed teleologies with a double end goals, that were supposed to be beneficial for both the individual and the whole species, and additionally that Kant and Herder’s philosophy of history are more nuanced than just marking them with a relativistic or universalistic conception of their ideas. Kant’s end goals, the cosmopolitical plan and the moral subject require advancement whilst Herders focus on happiness is achievable for human beings unconditional of progress.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||16 dec. 2019|
- Kant og Herder