En moralfilosofisk undersøgelse af surrogatmoderskab: Er surrogatmoderskab moralsk acceptabelt?

Jesper Højbjerg Pedersen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This research paper addresses the moral acceptability of surrogacy - whether we can morally accept this
practice as a means to become a parent or if it should be seen as immoral. The main thesis is that if we have
no good reason to judge surrogacy as an immoral practice, it must be seen as morally acceptable.
Admittedly, as a result of this way of arguing I must recognize that there may be arguments which I have not
examined, that could have led me to draw another conclusion. The thesis discusses some of the most
prevalent and recurrent arguments against surrogacy from the debate during the past thirty-so years. I have
assessed these arguments by the method of reflected equilibrium and argued that if surrogate motherhood is
comparable to another practice we already morally accept, then we should either reject or accept both or be
able to point out that they actually differ in a morally relevant sense. I have critically discussed the following
arguments that have been levelled against surrogacy to allegedly render it immoral: surrogacy harms children
psychologically or sets-back their interests, surrogacy is immoral because it exploits surrogate mothers, and
commercial surrogacy is wrong, in that it puts a price on pregnancy and children. I have found that none of
these arguments render surrogacy an immoral practice. Thus my main conclusion is that this leaves
surrogacy as a morally acceptable option to become a parent.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato2 apr. 2019
Antal sider66
VejledereThomas Søbirk Petersen

Emneord

  • anvendt etik
  • surrogatmoderskab
  • reflekteret ligevægt
  • rugemoderskab
  • surrogacy
  • surrogasi
  • skade
  • udnytelse
  • kommercialisering
  • velfærd
  • Alan Wertheimer
  • Stephen Wilkinson
  • Elizabeth Anderson
  • barnløshed