This report examines the economical effects, and environmental and health wise risks of exporting electronic waste from the European Union to Nigeria. The report accounts for the global situation on e-waste and presents data from the EU on e-waste and illegal shipments. It also shows data on amounts of e-waste imported into Nigeria and the Nigerian Government’s lack of enforcement of existing laws dealing with waste management and import, and furthermore it accounts for the chemicals and hazardous substances in e-waste and the impacts they can have on the environment and human health. Also the legislative bodies, that are trying to control the import/export and the management of e-waste is accounted for by presenting two different approaches to legislation on e-waste: legislation about the handling, import and export of the existing e-waste, and legislation concerning the use of hazardous substances in the production of the electrical and electronic equipment. To deal with this empirical data we use the theory of an Environmental Race to the Bottom and the theory of the existence of an inverted U-relationship between economic growth and pollution, a so-called Environmental Kuznets Curve. We discuss how these theories fit and help to understand and deal with the problem of e-waste in Nigeria. In the end of the report we look at the future prospects for Nigeria and for e-waste overall and we also look at what studies that needs to be done on this area in the future.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||1 maj 2009|
- Electronic waste