Electricity from Renewable Resources in the Western Cape

Anders Brebøl, Thomas Capral Henriksen, Edward James-Smith & Tina Sommer Kristensen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The aim of this report is to indicate how the use of renewable resources for electricity production in the Western Cape can be increased through the development of renewable energy projects and changes in the regulatory framework. We set a target of 600 GWh of consumed electricity produced using renewable resources by 2012 in the Western Cape and developed different options for fulfilling this goal. The findings of the report indicate that there is indeed a physical potential for the introduction of solar, wind and landfill gas projects in the Western Cape and the technological requirements for such project types are proven, but regulatory changes are required in order to promote a development in the Western Cape securing renewables as part of the electricity mix. Changes to the regulatory framework should include the introduction of tax rebates for renewable energy projects as well as state subsidies for the development of solar thermal projects, the use of a wheeling and banking system to improve the market conditions for renewables, the introduction of an obligation for electricity distributors to purchase 2.4% of their total electricity purchases from renewable resources and the introduction of an environmental labelling system for industry using electricity from renewable resources. These recommendations are intended to start an industrial development by giving special status to solar thermal technology, as this technology appears to offer the best development prospects for the Western Cape. The inclusion of solar thermal technologies in the recommendations does lead to a higher price for the introduction of renewables in the Western Cape, but it is the development path that offers the best development perspectives with relation to the creation of employment opportunities and a potential export market for developed technologies and expertise in this field. The achievement of the goal is indeed possible in the Western Cape, but it is reliant on the necessary changes recommended in the regulatory framework, which will lead to an increase in the use of renewables. Political interest in executing these changes is essential, yet the economic and employment spin off effects of developing renewables in the Western Cape could be of great benefit to the province.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2003
VejledereJan Andersen, Tyge Kjær & Ogunlade Davidson