Effektiv Altruisme: Indvendinger om lighed, prioriteringer og rettigheder

Emilie Bertram Hansen, Marcus Turunen & Carina Appelon Lykke Melgaard

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt

Abstrakt

This project examines the philosophy of Effective Altruism (EA) and its critiques. Effective Altruism is a social movement, which inspires individuals to do philanthropy in an effective way. The aim is to reduce as much suffering as possible on a global level. Some of the key philosophers associated with EA are Peter Singer, William MacAskill and Toby Ord. With ethical and rational arguments, they aspire to convinced individuals who each have a responsibility to help by donating money to aid and charity organizations if one are capable of doing so, and do not sacrifice anything of importance to oneself. In The Life You Can Save (2009), Peter Singer argues that it is within our reach to eradicate global poverty for the first time in history. EA encourages people to donate to the best performing organizations, but a central question is weather effectiveness overlooks the needs of those who are worse off. In order to examine the ethical aspects of distribution, we use theories on utilitarianism, egalitarianism and weighted beneficence. Furthermore we include at theoretic perspective about deontological ethics. The political theorist Iason Gabriel points out that EA overlooks important aspects regarding equality, priorities and rights. We have constructed three cases, which put focus on these three aspects in order to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the objections against EA. In our analysis we concluded that Gabriels objections is strengthened the more you base your distribution on utilitarianism. Furthermore we found that the objection in regards to EA not focussing on the systemic root of the problems, is strong, though systemic problems may never be a reason not to help at all.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato19 dec. 2017
Antal sider52
VejledereRune Klingenberg Hansen

Emneord

  • Effektiv Altruisme
  • Nødhjælp
  • Etik
  • Moralfilosofi
  • Peter Singer
  • utilitarisme