This literature review focuses on the effect of the Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI) in South Asia. The MSRI is the main derivative under the Belt and Road Initiative umbrella project and involves the building of infrastructure projects in South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan and India, which ties the economies of the region closer to that of China.
This review illustrates how the theoretical perspectives of critical theory, World System Theory (WST) and realism depict the MSRI and its effects in South Asia. The argument made my scholars basing themselves within critical theory is that the participating countries in MSRI projects will see their domestic economies face tough competition from Chinese goods, and that MSRI projects in some cases can potentially destabilize entire countries. WST argues that the MSRI is an attempt of a core country to dominate its periphery, and realists argue that MSRI is creating geopolitical security dilemma whereby a power struggle is emerging in the Indian Ocean between China and India.
The literature review also discusses the methodology of the scholars and their theoretical schools, how they have made their arguments and which source material and data is used as evidence for their claims. In analyzing various methodological approaches this review highlights the implications of the differing approaches.
Furthermore, the project draws attention towards the existing gaps in the literature, which include a lack of fieldwork, an overrepresentation of qualitative analysis and lack of quantitative research and a problem with occasional use of questionable evidence.
|Uddannelser||Global Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 dec. 2019|
- Belt and Road
- South Asia
- Sri Lanka