This study examines the part which violence played in eleventh century France. The question of violence is closely related to the disputed subject, of whether or not around the year 1000 a “feudal revolution” took place, which involved the collapse of the old Carolingian public order and the rise of a new mode of power based on the dominance of local lords and castellans. In arguing for such structural change, some historians have emphasized the arbitrariness of lord- and castellanbased violence, while other historians, stressing the continuity of modes of power, have turned to legal anthropology for conceptual tools of describing the social order, in which the violence was a part. This study examines two such opposing views of violence – that of Thomas N. Bisson and that of Stephen D. White – and discusses them through an analysis of the conflicts described in the eleventh century text known as Conventum. Finding some resonance for Bissons notion of a lordship based on violence, the study nonetheless argues, that the violent acts of Conventum should be seen as part of processes, in which power was negotiated among the elite.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 jan. 2012|
- feudal revolution