Dietary Patterns

Maria Søborg Schultz

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt

Abstrakt

An unhealthy diet provides a major risk for retrieving several non-communicative diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes. Historical focus on cardio-metabolic health has been on isolated nutritions. But there are some limitations to this approach, which include failing to account for interactions between nutrients, intercorrelations between nutrients and the inability to detect small effects from the single nutrients. This project will therefore examine the role of dietary patterns (DASH, Western, Prudent, Mediterranean, Healthy Eating Index/Alternative Healthy eating index ) in the prevention and management of T2D and CVD. This was achieved through a systematic search on Pubmed for all relevant meta-analysis. A total of18 meta-analysis of both prospective observational studies and randomized controlled trials were included in this project. The results show that several healthy dietary patterns are associated with a 15 -23% reduction in the risk of the development of Type 2 diabetes, and a 9- 31% reduction against the risk of developing cardio vascular disease.

UddannelserMedicinalbiologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato28 jun. 2016
Antal sider40
VejledereOle Vang

Emneord

  • Dietary pattern
  • HEI
  • AHEI
  • Mediterranean
  • DASH
  • Prudent
  • Western
  • type 2 diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease