Dialogen i den visuelt faciliterende praksis - når dialog og værktøjer mødes

Sara Engvild

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis investigates how dialogue is carried out in the visually facilitated practice by graphic facilitators in Denmark, as well as what is at stake during this dialogue. The visually facilitated practice counts three methods: Graphic Facilitation, Strategic Visualisation and Visually Facilitated Workshops. The graphic facilitator is a process facilitator and consultant who leads groups of people through processes in meetings and workshops to reach a common goal. The facilitators combine a systemic approach with a dialogic holistic approach by using playful games and visual hand-drawn images. These images, combined with big-picture-thinking, questions asked by the facilitator, help the participants get an overview and to understand, engage and participate during the process. The overall theoretical framework is practice theory as interpreted by Theodore Schatzki and Andreas Reckwitz. The analysis revolves around everyday life practices carried out and performed by graphic facilitators and the participants. I base my analysis and discussion on observations and interviews on field studies of graphic facilitators. The analysis is in two parts. The first part is a descriptive analysis showing how the dialogue in the visual facilitated practice is carried out. This is done by integrating Martin Buber's theory of dialogue and his conceptions of I-Thou and I-It-relations and the concepts of "technical dialogue", "genuine dialogue" and "monologue" with three practice theoretical concepts formulated by Reckwitz and translated by Iben Jensen: "passende performance" (suitable performance), "Krop-bevidsthed" (body-mind), and "Materialitet" (materiality and technology). The analysis shows that dialogue between the graphic facilitator and the participants is mainly identified as a "technical dialogue" or "monologue". The second part of my analysis explores what is at stake in this dialogue. This serves as an explanatory analysis. I use the concept of power as understood by Michel Foucault. I employ theory relevant to the visually facilitated practice, which draws on discourses of dialogue, play, fun and positivity as explained by Louise Phillips, Niels Åkerstrøm and Rasmus Willig. The analysis concludes that there is power at stake at all levels, even though words such as dialogue, play and positivity are the main discourses. The analysis shows how power relations are carried out in practice and how they challenge each other. Within these positive words lies also power. Therefore, we must not neglect to examine and question power and the discourses at play in the visually facilitated practice.

UddannelserKommunikation, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato9 dec. 2013
VejledereKarsten Pedersen

Emneord

  • Dialogisk kommunikation
  • Grafisk facilitering
  • Konsulent
  • Facilitering
  • Visuel facilitering
  • Visuel kommunikation
  • Møde
  • Praksisteori
  • Workshop
  • Strategisk visualisering