This study claims that there were different ways of undstanding culture within modernity. More specifically the study shows that in Prussia, towards the end of the 18th century, the culture of modernity was debated. The study claims that the german-jewish philosospher Moses Mendelssohn introduces an alternative universalisme that constitutes an alternative way of understanding culture that does not view the ”Us”/”Them”-dichotomy in the same way as the german philosospher Immanuel Kant. The difference between the two comes to light when analyzed along the lines of Bruno Latours definition of modernity. According to Latour modernity is defined by what he calls the great divide. This is to be understood as the self-proclaimed moderns separation of the world into two separated spheres. On one side the human-sphere and on the other the nature-sphere. The study shows that both Mendelssohn and Kant agrees on the separation but disagress about the understanding of natur. This disagrement constitutes a difference of opinion towards the ”Us”/”Them”-dichotomy which helps highlight that Mendelssohns alternative universalisme creates an alternative to Kants understanding of culture. This is most apparent when Mendelssohn claims that the existence of difference is a necessity for the salvation and happiness of the modern human being. However, the study also shows that this claim for the necessity of difference, as well as the claim for interaction between ”Us” and ”Them” illustrates not only an alternative to Kant but also constitutes an understanding of culture that does not fit into Latours definition of the great divide.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||13 jun. 2013|
|Vejledere||Jakob Egholm Feldt|