This project focuses on the news selection at the Danish media station Danmarks Radio (DR). The project examines what it takes for DR to bring up a news story from municipalities in remote areas. Afterwards we studied the represented topics in the news stories that hit the public platform and whether the presentation is democratic in proportion to the fact that DR is assigned to a public service commitment. To answer this we coded seven months of DR’s late evening news broadcast from 1st of october 2014 to 30th of april 2015 - a total amount of 1.453 news stories in 150 broadcasts. The coding has been done on the basis of a coding table. Based on the results we have made a quantitative analysis to examine the total amount of news stories, whether or not they are from at specific region or city, which topics are represented etc. We chose to focus on the 868 stories concerning Denmark. Our results showed that 41,01% of the news stories were general - for example a political story from Christiansborg. 58,99% of the stories originated from one of the five Danish regions. Several of the news stories were from the Capital Region. The Region of Zealand and Northern Jutland were clearly under-represented. Our results also show that politics, business life and economics are the dominating topics. ‘Health’ is also highly represented. Besides from that DR covers a lot of different topics. Because our main focus in the project is the remote areas in Denmark, we chose to take a closer look at the stories that originate from here. These 20 news stories from the remote municipalities have been the object for a qualitative framing analysis by using the four stages by the theorist Robert Entman. Max McCombs’ agenda-setting-theory is also used in relation to this. We were able to identify five different frames and under each of these we have chosen one typical example for a thorough analysis. There was a majority of news stories with a positive frame. As a supplement to the analysis there has been made three interviews with head people at DR News to obtain knowledge about the editorial practice in order to answer our problem statement. The answers from the interviews are used in both the framing analysis and the discussion to give the project even more substance. The results from our analysis are the foundation of the discussion, which is divided into two seperate paragraphs. The first focuses on how the news selection and prioritization at DR is expressed in our analysis results. Here we discuss the presentation of the remote municipalties in the selected news stories, and also how the different types of framing in the stories can have a catching effect on society. Also DR’s role as a public service media who has to deliver news stories for the entire population combined with the fact that they have to and want to bring significant news stories is discussed. The second part discusses whether there are some democratic problems related to the selection of stories given the fact that DR has a large role in the public debate. In this part of the discussion Jürgen Habermas and the term ‘public sphere’ is implicated. The analysis results and the discussion are summarized in a conclusion. We can conclude that DR through their framing of news stories from remote communities is trying to break with the prejudices concerning remote communities in the society debate. Because of the structure of the late news broadcast the news from these communities are in tough competition with other general news stories. DR is trying to be constructive in their news broadcasting, which can lead to elimination of conflict based news. Seen from a democratic point of view it can be problematic that DR only cover few stories from the remote municipalities. However it is important to remember that when it comes to the modern media image, DR is not the only source of information.
|Uddannelser||Journalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||9 jun. 2015|