Det kommunale selvstyre under pres?

Anna Kjær Voss, Jeppe Daniel Pless, Jens Martin Sonne Hansen & Casper Broskov Sommer

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Local government and state driven governance This project is concerning municipal government in Danish municipalities and how they are limited in their autonomy by state driven governance. The task has been to look at how local government is limited – not if. First of all a definition of municipal self-government has been established through judicial, historical and organisational perspectives. This has put the analysed object in operational frames. The problem issue has partly been tried answered through the use of the theories New Public Management and principal-agent theory. It has been analysed how tendencies that these two theories characterize are being identified in a modernisation programme from 2002 and a quality reform from 2007. Both program and reform have been objects for investigation and the most striking issues have been incorporated in the analysis to see how they limit municipal government. Two concrete municipalities from the near of Copenhagen have been selected to concretise the project and make it possible to analyse the reform initiatives in action and their estimated impact. Interviews have been realised with a leading person from the administration in one municipality and a politician from the other municipality. To a large degree they confirm the limitations coming from state driven initiatives and develop on the issue of how it affects the municipality. Further on the elder care as an area has been chosen for analysis, as it has been an area characterized by much critic and a great burden for the municipalities to undertake. New Public Management tools such as benchmarking, competition and quality standards have all been very present in this area and within the municipalities in particular. Finally it is discussed and concluded how municipal government is being limited through the demands for a marketized public sector and homogeneity across the municipal frontiers. The whole project have been carried out in a critical realist approach with retroduction and abstraction as methodological choices to answer the problem issue. This has made it possible to establish ascertainment from the beginning and then to go look for the premises for this ascertainment to be true. It has made the process to be circular.

UddannelserOffentlig Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato25 jan. 2011

Emneord

  • principal agent theory
  • New public management
  • kommunalt selvstyre
  • Benchmarking