This project focuses on the Hosni Mubarak era, beginning in 1981 and ending with the Egyptian Revolution in 2011. We moreover work with the transaction period during the rule of the military counsel from the 11th of February to the 30th of June 2012. Our main focus is the Egyptian institutions. Our theoretical framework is historical institutionalism, theory of propaganda and theory touching upon forms of government that we in our analysis will use to discuss the role of the institutions in Egypt. We argue that the lack of institutional development during the Mubarak regime was one of the reasons why the Egyptian Revolution occurred and the Mubarak regime collapsed. The unequal institutional power balance was the fundament of the regime and this resulted in conflict. We work under four main themes, which the thesis is molded after. The four themes are Egypt’s state institutions, the opposition, the military and the press. The Mubarak regime was based on undemocratic values, but the regime used methods of propaganda to convince otherwise both the Egyptian people and the international society. This, we argue, resulted in tensions within the Egyptian society. The political opposition and the press were suppressed by the ruling government and played an important part in Mubarak’s attempt to sustain the illusion of the existence of a democracy. The reason for the revolution was the discontentedness of the Egyptian people. This was partly a result of the internal institutional tensions, which existed during the Mubarak era. The only critical juncture in the chosen time period is the revolution. We argue that, even though Mubarak was not in office after the revolution, elements from his old regime still exist in the transition period under the rule of the military council. The freedom of the press has not improved much, but in other areas, like that of an opposition, the new temporary military counsel approach was more democratic. The path of the old regime is not forgotten, but, as we conclude, Egypt still hasn’t found the new path.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||18 dec. 2012|