Den Sociale Kontrakt: En undersøgelse af den sociale kontrakts betingelser og samtalen, som en dialektisk nødvendighed

Lars Peter Elsving & Marie Christina Gryndahl

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

This paper seeks to cast a light upon the social contract’s philosophical idea and its aim to establish common ground for individuals to work together, with the goal, that we as a society as well as individuals, all will benefit from this. Within the frameset of what rational human beings are able to agree on, this paper is investigating the arguments for such a social contract, carried by Hobbes and Rousseau, as well as arguments against. Also, this paper will suggest dialog and good communication as tools for making the social contract a success. Most democracies in the western world are in these years being challenged on the values in the core of liberal democracy, challenged on an increasing political polarization about social values, solidarity, equality, under the term “the democratic problem”. We present the idea of communicative action exemplified in the domination-free conversation and discourse ethic of Jürgen Habermas, as an instrument for making a social contract work as promised. Here we again look into which challenges such an ethic meet in the “real” world and, as Habermas doesn’t say, anything about what exactly we can agree on through the domination-free conversation. One question presses itself forward is if the rational human beings will bring forward solutions, which in fact are good for the all of us.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2019
Antal sider28
VejledereThomas Søbirk Petersen

Emneord

  • social kontrakt, diskursetik