This project investigates the phenomena of the self and the claim that the self is a narrative construction. According to the American psychologist Jerome Bruner, the self is created by narratives in social relations and is constantly being transformed depending on the situation. There seems to be two discourses in late modern society: One that accepts the narrative self, and one that accepts the idea that we all have an authentic self. Furthermore Bruner seems to assume that his theory of the self is new thinking in the late modernity. This project examines whether the discourse of the narrative self can be categorized as more true in the late modernity than the discourse of the authentic self. By studying the history of ideas on the self, we can conclude that the theory of the social constructed self was founded already in the 19th century with George H. Mead. Bruner adds a narrative aspect to this theory, but he is not the first or only one in this field: The two American psychologists Roy Schafer and Dan McAdams have also produced theories of the narrative self. Though these theories are not precisely the same, they all accept the narrative as important in relation to the self. This indicates that Bruner’s theory cannot be described as new thinking in the late modernity. It can be considered, on the other hand, as more actual than the idea of the authentic self, since the description of the self as a narrative construction fits better to the individual of today than the description of the authentic self does. Therefore one can argue that the idea of the social and narrative self has become new in a new way. Though both discourses of the self exist today this thesis concludes that we can assume that they both includes a truth about the self and its construction.
|Uddannelser||Psykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||24 maj 2016|