Den lokale beskæftigelsesindsats - mellem hierarki, marked og netværk

Katrine Nielsen & Sara Kabel Pedersen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

# Municipal authorities are taking an increasing importance in the delivery of active labour market policy. The subject of this thesis is the transition in the regulation of Danish local employment policy from state regulation towards further market and network orientation. The newest legislation “Lov om ansvaret for og styringen af den aktive beskæftigelsespoilitik” has made it compulsory for all local municipalities to use different kinds of steering in the active labour market policy. The new steering conditions confront the municipalities with new challenges which are at the heart of this thesis. The theoretical framework consists of three types of steering; hierarchical steering, market steering and network steering. These approaches emphasize different factors that contribute to effective steering. The big challenge is thus to make all three kinds of steering work simultaneously without undermining each other, thereby ensuring the objective of effectivity. A case study method is applied focusing on Hillerød Kommune, where the three kinds of steering are contributing to the local active labour market policy in accordance with the present legislation. It demonstrates if and how Hillerød Kommune has succeeded in using the three kinds of steering simultaneously. The thesis consists of three connected analyses: The purpose of the first analysis is to examine the capacity linked to market steering in order to increase effectivity. To do so we compare the hierarchical steering with the market steering, which is reflected in the performance of the public versus the private operator in Hillerød Kommune. The focus of the second analysis is the interaction between market- and network steering. We highlight what influence the contracting out of the employment service has had on the existing and statutory network steering in Hillerød Kommune. The third analysis deals with the ability of Hillerød Kommune to prevent steering failure. The first two analyses draw attention to the importance of not only the use of, but also the connection between the three kinds of steering. The challenge for Hillerød Kommune is to steer strategically and reflect upon the pros and cons connected to marked, hierarchy and network in order to be able to secure an effective steering of the local active labour market policy. The thesis concludes that the implementation of market steering has had a negative impact on the development of a successful network steering in Hillerød Kommune. This is not only a consequence of market steering deficiencies, but also the result of the excessive focus of Hillerød Kommune on the market steering and quantifiable results. Furthermore the analysis shows that market steering does not contribute to a more effective active labour market policy than the hierarchical steering in Hillerød Kommune. However, the element of competition has had a positive effect on the employment service in Hillerød Kommune in general. When combining different forms of steering the analysis indicates that it is important that the local municipalities clarify their role as meta-governors and remember not only to regulate the different types of steering, but also the mutual relations and interplay between the different types of steering.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2005
VejledereJacob Torfing

Emneord

  • styring
  • effektivitet
  • andre aktører
  • beskæftigelse
  • Hillerød kommune