Based on an analysis of Pierre Abelard’s thoughts and philosophy it is the purpose of this project to analyse the learned man’s possibilities in the 12th century in the Western European society and church. The historians claim that the intellectual climate of the 12th century has lead scholars of the 20th century to name the period the renaissance of the 12th century. The choice of Abelard as the subject of study in this project is, in other words, a result of unanimity amongst scholars about the fact that he represents a wide range of philosophers in the early Middle Ages. The project analyses Abelard’s autobiography The Story of my Misfortunes, his prologue in Yes and No and extracts of his ethical writing Know Thyself. Through his autobiography, the outer conditions for the learned man are described as well as his self-perception, ideals and values. The analysis of the more technical documents gives insight into Abelard’s scientific method and how he used this in a Christian study of morality. It is argued, that the difficulties which Abelard confronted in life were caused not only by the nature of his thoughts and philosophy but also by his arrogant personality. In conclusion - and despite the resistance from the more traditional Christian thinkers - there were circumstances within both the society and the church which did indeed create new possibilities for the learned man; in Abelard’s case, the possibility to be acknowledged for his inner thoughts and for him to enjoy a certain form for protection under the body of the church.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 jan. 2012|