On the evening of November 28 1940 the propaganda film Der Ewige Jude or the Eternal Jew first premiered in a theatre in Berlin. It was the work of German director Fritz Hippler, but ordered by the minister of propaganda Joseph Goebbels who himself monitored the whole filmmaking process closely. The film portrays the Jews as a parasite on the body of the German nation through closely comparing the Jew with the rat whereby the Jew is ultimately established as a chimeric monster. The Nazi ideology was to a large extent inspired by the Romantic period where we find another kind of chimeric; the gothic monster. Thus, through analyzing two of the most well-known gothic novels Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818) and Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1897), the gory German short story by Oskar Panizza The Operated Jew (1893) and the Weimar-adaptation of Dracula, Nosferatu (1922), we find further evidence suggesting a link between the Nazi monster and the Gothic monster. Like the Jew presented in the Nazi propaganda the Gothic monster is parasitic, chimeric, an outsider and a threat to the society, but most strikingly it is also part Jewish. According to Dr. Cathy S. Gelbin the fictional Jewish character was a part of pre-19th century European culture, however, at the time Frankenstein was written the Jewish character became an antithesis to national life. Along the same lines sociologist Zygmunt Bauman argues, that in the Modernity the illogical Jew, created in pre-modern European, became an enemy of Modern society. Thus, the Jew became otherness and was incorporated into the Gothic monsters, who also represent otherness. The Jewish fictional character became a monster as it wandered through the fictional Romantic literature, made it to the notorious cinema of the Weimar-republic and lastly the Jewish monster wandered into reality via the self-proclaimed documentary Der Ewige Jude which thus became “the most evil film ever made” according to Dr. Carol Davison through it’s chimeric anti-semitic character.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||18 dec. 2014|
|Vejledere||Jakob Egholm Feldt|