This history project examines the dissolution of chivalry in England in the High Middle Ages. More specifically, the project investigates what social mechanisms that excludes the knights from the aristocracy. This is a discussed subject among scholars, and there are no simple explanations. Chivalry is a term which can be dated from the 9th century, and at some point, still exists today, in terms of chivalric orders. An individual can be knighted in 2016. There are undoubtedly several differences from a knight today and from the 9th century, so the key issue here, is to examines different historians arguments to what social and political developments in the society that resolves in the dissolvement of the chivalric knights as aristocrats.
Georges Duby and Robert I Moore are deterministic historians who argues that the social and economic developments in Europe around the early 13th century undermines the chivalric role in the society. However, Duby argues that it is the new role of the economy that excludes the knights, because their moral code is based on courtesey, and that diverges with growing the role of the economy. Moore argues that it is the new clerks that undermines the role of the knights. According to him, these clerks became the power elite in the new Europe, through a bureaucratic revolution. Brittance Bouchard is a historian who does not have uniquely conclusion to this subject, but rather analyzes the development of the terms chivalry and nobility.
Since the historians examines the chivalric dissolution, this project analyzes a biographical poem based on a english knight by the name of William Marshal, with social theories by Pierre Bourdieu and Max Weber. Most of of the chivalric ideal is based on this poem, which makes it important medieval literature, and this is also the prime source of Dubys research. The purpose of this project is to discuss and assess the equalities and inequalities between the historians research and the biographical poem of William Marshal. The project concludes that the equalities between the historians and the poem is based on the growing importance of the new economy. The inequalities is based on, that there is nothing from the poem that supports the assertion, that these new clerks undermines the chivalric knights.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||19 dec. 2016|