This study examines how perceptions of sharing of intimate pictures with and without consent can be understood on the basis of norms of femininity and masculinity. The study is based upon an integrated mixed methods design consisting of an experimental split sample vignette-based survey (n = 1860) and two focus groups with Danish high school students. It mainly uses the theory of masculine domination and related theoretical concepts put forward by Bourdieu, and the theory of slut-shaming 2.0 put forward by Van Royen, Poels, Vandebosch, and Walrave. It finds significantly different perceptions in youth depending on the gender of the abuser and victim. Female victims are perceived more negative than male ones, and it is expected that the abuse has a much bigger impact on their identity and social capital because they are evaluated on behalf of their exterior more than their male counterparts. It is also found that the doxic expectations embed themselves in womens’ habitus, resulting in them exercising self-discipline by categorically rejecting the practice of sharing intimate images. Men are on the other hand expected to have a more laissez faire approach to the practice of sharing intimate images. For men, sharing of intimate images without consent is seen as a way to gain access to a social unity, and a tool to gain social and symbolic capital. On the other hand, men are also pressured in regard to adhering to stereotypical masculine norms of sexual behaviour. These tendencies are embedded in the habitus of the youth and expressed in spontaneous practice reflecting doxic expectations of masculinity and femininity. Lastly, the study examines how the perception is changing in the light of contemporary changes in the problem field, specifically the #MeToo-movement and the Umbrella-case.
|Uddannelser||Socialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 dec. 2019|
- digitale sexkrænkelser