Demokratisk underskud i EU: The democratic deficit of EU

Malika Christensen, Oskar Slowinsk, Clara Andersen & Sarah Murphy

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project aims to show how the European Union has developed its way to become more democratic after the implementation of The Lisbon Treaty, and if this treaty has helped to fight the democratic deficit. The first part of this paper starts with a summary of institutions within the European Union. Subsequently summary of opinions from theorists who worked on the topic of the European Union, and a summary of Lisbon Treaty are presented. This part - especially the summary regarding the institutions - is mainly based on materials taken from the official website of the EU. Summary of theorists’ opinions derives from their books and articles. Materials regarding Lisbon Treaty come from official version of this document from the EU’s official website. The next step in this project is the analysis of democratic elements that were brought after implementation of the Lisbon Treaty. This is done in order to see how they changed the institutions and their power. A comparative method is used to analyze theorists’ different views on European Union. Furthermore, it serves as a tool to analyze its democratic deficit, and how to deal with it. The content of the last part of this project is based on a previously mentioned summary and analysis. In this part a very important topic is being touched upon, where it is being discussed how European Union is developing politically, and where this development is leading to. To sum up European Union has made a big step after the implementation of Lisbon Treaty. It certainly has advanced towards more democratic institution, but it is still not enough to finish the debate about its democratic deficit. Further changes should be introduced within the European Union, but with stronger legitimacy. There is no clear answer how it is supposed to be done, and a disagreement between the theorists (Simon Hix / Andreas Føllesdal, Andrew Moravcsik, Jürgen Habermas) about how it should look like exists. Some would rather keep the European Union as it is - where national states cooperate with each other - while others would see it as a federation.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato21 dec. 2015
VejledereKristian Lau Nielsen


  • EU
  • Democratic