Deltagelsens paradoks: Deltagelsesidealer- og mønstre i forbindelse med skolestrukturændringer

Sara Ryder Christensen & Ditte Weimann Harder

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis discusses normative theoretical approaches to citizen participation in relation to empirical examples. The empirical point of departure is three cases of participation among citizens who attempt to influence political decisions in Danish municipalities during and after political negotiations about public school closures. The ambition is to contribute to the development of a normative framework of participation informed by agonistic theory of democracy combined with insights from classical participation theory and deliberative theory of democracy. Three fundamental issues related to the examined forms of participation are identified, and it is argued that these issues give rise to a reformulation of central assumptions and categories in the theoretical ideals of participation. These issues are: the theoretical arguments of participation, the ideals of consensus and conflict, and last the relation between direct participation and the representative democracy. The thesis concludes that the agonistic theory delivers a beneficial perspective on conflict where conflicts are recognized both as empirical conditions as well as a normative ideal that should be incorporated in an ideal of participation. However this agonistic approach should not exclude consensus as the theoretical tradition contrarily intends to do. It is proposed that consensus ought to be accepted and valued when it occurs, but it should not be seen as the ultimative goal of democratic participation processes. Hereby we suggest that the agonistic theory must be combined with theoretical elements and ideals from both classical participation theory and deliberative perspectives on democracy in order to deliver an analytical as well as normative framework for citizen participation. Finally it is argued that the relation between participation and representation must be a part of an ideal of participation, or at least it must be considered that conflicts between participation and representation can occur and that participation cannot be understood as the guaranty of increased equality.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato28 apr. 2014
VejledereAllan Dreyer Hansen


  • demokrati
  • agonistisk teori
  • normativ teori
  • klassisk deltagelsesteori
  • deltagelse
  • Mouffe
  • deliberationsteori
  • skolestrukturændringer