De Facto States – A Contestation of Frozen Borders

Amanda Brinkløv Jensen, Jakob Rauche, Rébin Ahmad, Giovanni Balslev Olesen & Ilse Maria Renkens

Studenteropgave: Masterprojekt


With an unusual position in the international community, state-like entities without international recognition contest the importance of sovereignty. Many of these entities fulfill requirements that meet the formal standards of statehood, yet miss the juridical recognition of other state s. Therefore, scholars categorize them as de facto states. This literature review elaborates on the source of the concept within the legalistic literature, portraying the different theoretical explanations for the behavior of the de facto states. Security-seeking behavior of de facto states is discussed in terms of patron-client state relations. It is suggested that realist theory and conceptualisations of security dilemmas and liberal ideas about the effects of democratization are only implicit. In the methods section, the definitory debate and its conflicts are connected to the different case selections. A detailed account of the discursive methods used shows the over-reliance on the case study design, and criticizes the manner of generalization. The last section highlights the methodological and theoretical gaps found in the literature. Furthermore, from the suggestions the reviewed authors make, we discuss the possible future focuses of research on the facto state and propose the use of a concept like liminality.

UddannelserGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato20 dec. 2016
Antal sider41
VejledereSune Haugbølle