De demokratiske processer og begrænsninger for udviklingslande i WTO

Kasper Løvbjerg Hansen & Elith Bjarne Olsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This study examines the democratic processes in the WTO, and especially how the possibility of influence for small developing countries is limited for different reasons. Since the creation of WTO in 1995, we have witnessed significant criticism from developing countries that the organization is a club for rich countries. The developing countries themselves do not have any real influence on decisions taken. For that reason we have used theories about different views on democracy, the use of power and dependency. Theories that uncover certain aspects in the WTO, these aspects limit the developing countries in participating equally with bigger and more powerful nations. Given the analysis, we have discovered that the processes in the WTO leave out small developing countries from real influence since they demand significant technical resources. Furthermore there is a power play in the organization. Different forces of power are used by big nations to convince small developing countries to vote with the big nations. Last but not least there is a series of external reasons for developing countries voting the way they do. To this matter especially bilateral trading agreements with big nations forcing small nations to vote against own interest, because they do not want to lose important export markets and investments. To sum it all up, the chosen theories and empirical evidence uncover a series of factors which mean that even with a majority of small developing countries in the organization, the influence on decisions will still be limited.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2013
VejledereLone Riisgaard

Emneord

  • WTO
  • developing countries
  • dependency
  • democratic processes
  • power
  • limitations