The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the European Union and the Subsaharan countries fulfills its purpose. Every year parts of the EU budget is ticketed to projects helping developing countries and with the newest initiative, the EPA, with the main purpose to create equality in a new partnership. Through an analysis of the partners being strong or weak states and furthermore Joseph Nye’s theory of hard and soft power, the equality of the partnership will be investigated. A historic review of the relation from colony to partnership and the partners power capacity will form the basis of a further analysis of the balance of power and the parties possibility of participating fully in the negotiations. The analysis discusses whether the agreements are based on reciprocity or whether the EU through hard power exploits its position as a strong state against a weak state to set the agenda. Based on the available empirical data, it is difficult to assess whether the EPA has proved valuable towards the Subsaharan region, as the results are not available to the public. On behalf of estimated data made by global organizations, it is stated that EPA in contradiction with the sought intention, willl have fatal consequences for the already fragile economies of the Sub- saharan countries. Upon the analysis and discussion it is concluded that the cooperation is largely characterised by the divergent power capacity due to the imbalance of a strong and a weak state. Furthermore China’s entry in Africa and the benefits and consequences this entails for the EU and sub saharan countries will be discussed to put the subject into perspective. As China engaged the pursuit for African goods the competition has increased, which requires a new european approach to maintain their monopoly in the Subsaharan countries.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||18 dec. 2014|
- EPA,ØPA, EU, Afrika, Europa, AVS, SSL, Sub sahara, Hård og blød magt, Stærk og Svag stat, Kolonisering