Danske aviser og Forsvarets Efterretningstjenestes fremstillinger af Mikhail Gorbatjov, glasnost og perestrojka

Mads Bruun Knudsen, Lennart Leon Jensen, Mikkel Andreas Andersen & Mohamoud Abdi

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt


This paper examines how general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union was written about in Denmark in the period he held power from 1985 to 1991. The paper has focus on Gorbachev's reforms Perestroika and Glasnost, as well as Gorbachev himself. These reforms are being examined by using different political oriented Danish newspapers and the Danish military intelligence service, Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste. The purpose of using these is to get an idea of, how their views and opinions was on Gorbachev and his politics and how their view and opinions vary. The paper concludes that in 1987, there was a more positive opinion of Gorbachev in the west, than any other Soviet Union leaders before him. Even in 1991 when the reforms failed, he mostly had a positive image in Danish newspapers. From the perspective of the Danish military intelligence service, he was seen as a man, who had a lot of opposition in the Soviet Union from the start in 1985. The reforms of Perestroika, Glasnost and the new thinking in foreign policy were under close surveillance from the Danish military intelligence service, because if Gorbachev had succeeded, it could had meant a new strong Soviet Union. However, the opposition against him grew bigger and reached a point, where the Danish military service foresaw his fall from power in 1991. In the end Gorbachev is remembered in Denmark as a leader, who wanted to reform the Soviet Union into a more democratic country. But since he failed in this endeavor, he is mostly remembered for his failure and his part in the collapse of the Soviet Union.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2018
Antal sider63
VejledereClaus Bundgård Christensen


  • Gorbatjov
  • Den kolde Krig
  • Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste
  • Sovjetunionen