Confessionalism is a political system built on democratic principles. What makes it differ from other more typical types of democracies is the proportional share of political and administrative power. The system is presumed to be especially suitable for ethnically diverse countries with numerous strong sub-cultures. Lebanon is an extremely heterogeneous country comprising of 17 different religious sects, and it is therefore not surprising that this particular system was chosen. However, somewhere along the line something went completely wrong, resulting in a 15 year long devastating Lebanese Civil War. The confessional political system is often highlighted as one of many reasons for the Civil War, however, in this project it was chosen to work with the idea that the confessional system created susceptibility for conflicts. This susceptibility was challenged due to numerous internal and external stressors eventually resulting in the Civil War. The ideal behind the concept of confessionalism was coexistence through cooperation and consensus. However, even though the political institutions and the confessional power share encourages this, the belief in the system among politicians was close to non-existent and the Lebanese political culture was based on self-interests, not cooperation. In order to stay neutral the Lebanese army was somewhat weak and this and a lack of a coherent Lebanese identity weakened their international sovereignty. As a further strain on the system the ideal behind confessionalism was never fully implemented, which the lack of subsequent censuses after 1932 was the clearest example of.
|Uddannelser||Basis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||14 jan. 2008|