Christian Lütkens modtagelse af Darwins evolutionslære

Caroline Wiencken

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This project is an examination of zoologist Christian Frederik Lütken’s reception of Darwin’s work “The Origin of Species”. Lütken’s approach to Darwin’s work is expressed in his review of Darwin in the Danish scientific periodical “Tidsskrift for populære fremstillinger af naturvidenskaben”. The disagreement between researchers with respect to Lütken’s reception of Darwin’s theory is the starting point of this project. Where MSc. Mike Robson and BCom. Torben Wolf have categorized Lütken as against Darwin because of his alleged idealistic-romantic view on nature, Heidi Funder has, on the other hand, argued that Lütken was indeed very open-minded towards Darwin’s theory on evolution, but that Lütken’s sole objection was Darwin’s lack of evidence. In this project I start by outlining the characteristics of the idealistic-romantic view on nature in order to examine how these are present in Lütken’s comments on “The Origin of Species”. I find that there is no ground for maintaining that Lütken was under the strong influence of the romantic way of thinking but that he shows certain obligingness towards the theory – even towards the arguments which are inconsistent with some of the essential romantic convictions. This obligingness is probably rooted in the fact that, despite the fact that Lütken is critical towards the way Darwin defines and works around the concept of species and that he finds the theories hypothetical and therefore unscientific, the theory does solve some of the difficulties which the scientists of the time faced when trying to explain the evolution in nature.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato13 feb. 2014
VejledereCecielie Schrøder S. S

Emneord

  • Darwin
  • Lütken