China's Non-Interference Policy Challenged - A Case Study of Sino-Sudan-South Sudan Relations

Anne Kriewald

Studenteropgave: Speciale


China’s stance on the foreign policy principle of sovereignty, with its key-element non-interference, has changed over the past three decades and become more flexible. At the same time, development, economic growth and energy security have become China’s policy priority. The need for energy and the quest for new markets caused a deepening engagement with resource rich regions such as Africa. In its quest for new economic partners, China often neglects questions of transparency, social justice and environmental problems. This has put the Chinese government under increased criticism on the part of the West. The case of Sudan is one example for China’s ties with regimes that stand accused to neglect human rights. The particular nature and circumstances of Sino-Sudan relations have posed a challenge to China’s already changing sovereignty doctrine. China’s deepening economic interests in Sudanese markets, most importantly oil, and strong ties with the central government in Khartoum forced China to change its stance on non-interference when conflicts threatened Chinese investment and international image. When political realities changed due to the secession of Southern Sudan, causing the separation of the oil rich regions in the South from important oil transportation hubs in the North, maintaining non-interference became a serious policy conundrum.

UddannelserGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato1 aug. 2013
VejlederePeter Kragelund


  • China
  • Sudan