Certificering af Bæredygtig Biomasse

Rasmus Alrø Hofmann

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The following master thesis consist of a case study regarding SBP and their certification scheme, which seeks to answer the following statement:

“To what extent does SBP’s certifications scheme require a sustainable transition towards renewable energy in the energy sector?”

The empirical information in the thesis will be based on academic literature, web-based research and an interview with Ørsted, a relevant stakeholder since they are one of the organizations behind the founding of SBP. The theoretical choices of the thesis include Direct and Indirect Land Use Change, since they are important to assessing whether or not biomass is sustainable. In addition, there will also be a focus on mass balance and Chain of Custody. There will be an analysis of the SBP standard documents, which states requirements for any biomass producer who wants to become SBP certified. The requirements from the SBP standard documents will be compared to the EU sustainability requirements for liquid biomass. The reason for focusing on liquid biomass and not solid biomass, is that the EU have not made any sustainability requirements for solid biomass. In addition, an analysis of different types of biomass’ will be conducted through the Biograce 2, which is what SBP uses to assess the total carbon emissions throughout the supply chain. The analysis will be conducted on six different types of biomass to see at what degree biomass emits CO2. There will be a focus on the effects of Direct Land Use Change for the total CO2 emissions from a given biomass type. In addition, Indirect Land Use Change emission factor will be applied to the biomass, to see whether or not that will have an effect on the sustainability of biomass. Thereafter, the total CO2 emissions will be compared to fossil fuels to assess the total CO2 savings. A discussion will be given pertaining the different elements in the thesis. The discussion will integrate the interviews made, with both analysis about the SBP standard documents and the results from Biograce 2.

The project is finalized by a conclusion based on all the analysis, pertaining the results of this project. The conclusion of the thesis will be that not all types of biomass is sustainable. Therefore, it is important that SBP focus on the total carbon emissions throughout the supply chain and be aware of the both Direct and Indirect Land Use Change. In addition, only some of the sustainability requirements from EU is reflected in the SBP standard documents. The requirements regarding total CO2 savings is not mentioned in the SBP standard documents, even though it is an important factor in whether or not biomass is regarded as sustainable.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
VejledereThomas Budde Christensen


  • Certificering
  • Biomasse
  • Bæredygtig
  • SBP