Can renewable energy be a triple-win solution for the future? A case study of the Kudura Rural Village Energy Hub in Sidonge, Kenya

Lærke Damsø-Jørgensen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The implementation of renewable energy in rural areas has been suggested as one of the solutions for the future to meet the social, environmental and economical crisis at the same time – hence called a triple-win solution. This is sought exemplified and analyzed through my case called the Kudura – a Rural Village Energy (RVE) hub, which can provide solar electricity, clean water, biogas and bio-fertilizer to the rural households of the small rural village of Sidonge, Kenya. But how is it possible to measure if this hub can be a triple-win solution on several levels in a society? Hence, my research question is: To what extent can the renewable energy project Kudura be a triple-win solution to the triple-crisis, and how is it possible to measure the concept of triple-win solutions? To investigate this I have chosen to measure the impact of the Kudura on both a local and societal level. The local level is evaluated through three indicators of change – social, economical and environmental – with the economical indicator being measured through a post-Keynesian macroeconomic framework elaborated on the basis of the thoughts made by Jesper Jespersen. The impact of the Kudura on a societal level is analyzed through the method of a Cost-Benefit Analysis. The two analyses show that the Kudura can be a possible triple-win solution on both a local and a societal level. Though, following the discussion, it is important to investigate more indicators before landing on a conclusion that can be valid in a broader specter. Conclusively, the Kudura seems to be a possible triple-win solution on both a local and a societal level, thus meeting the expectations to renewable energy that were expressed at the Rio+20 Summit in June 2012.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato11 jan. 2013

Emneord

  • Sustainable development, poverty, renewable energy, Kenya