C. G. Jungs reception af Nietzsche i kontekst

Christian Wulff Sørensen

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The reception of F. Nietzsche’s works constitute a defining aspect of European cultural and intellectual history in the twentieth century. Most of the century’s great thinkers - Mann, Heidegger, Jaspers, Foucault, Derrida - have taken a stand in relation to his thought. The Swiss psychiatrist and founder of Analytical Psychology C. G. Jung is arguably one of the most significant Nietzscheans of the twentieth century. Nonetheless Jung’s reception of Nietzsche is a relatively unexplored academic territory. However, beginning with the publication of Paul Bishop’s groundbreaking study The Dionysian Self: C. G. Jung's reception of F. Nietzsche (1995), the field of research has been growing. Common to these investigations is an overall objective to demonstrate how the thought of Nietzsche and Jung reciprocally illuminate each other. With this study I want to contextualize and relate Jung’s reception of Nietzsche to the history of Nietzsche’s reception in general. For that purpose my thesis is divided into three parts. In the first section long-term historical structures of Nietzsche’s reception in the twentieth century are accounted for. In the second section an analysis of Jung’s reception of Nietzsche is presented. I conclude that the reception of Nietzsche’s first book The Birth of Tragedy (1872) had a crucial impact in forming the theoretical framework of the Analytical Psychology - the same theoretical framework which Jung would later employ in his analysis of Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra. In the third section Jung’s reception of Nietzsche is contextualised within the broader history of Nietzsche’s reception in the twentieth century. I conclude that, while Jungs reception of Nietzsche is clearly situated within the romantic reading of Nietzsche that dominated in Germany in the inter-war period, what makes Jung’s reading of Nietzsche unique, is the way in which he approaches Nietzsche's journey into the depths of the human psyche and explores what all of Nietzsche’s investigations according to Jung leads to: Creation, the creative force, the productive imagination. Jung’s perspective on this aspect of Nietzsche’s thought is certainly illuminating, not least for those attuned to the postmodern Nietzsche of the late twentieth century.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Antal sider73
VejledereAksel Haaning


  • Nietzsche
  • Jung
  • receptionshistorie