BYPLANLÆGNING I TÓRSHAVN

Sissal Christina Fosaa & Sigurd Justinussen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This dissertation is about town planning in the municipality of Tórshavn, the capital of the Faroe Islands. The aim is to investigate how relevant actors perceive the term planning in the local council, what it in Tòrshavn consists of, and how the practice can be optimized. It is a challenge to commit oneself to a satisfying definition of what kind of city Tórshavn is. By that, we address the fact that the small capital is situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by mountains and nature. This makes it difficult to state or describe Tórshavn as an either an urban or a rural city, which explains our choice of theories that lead us to an identification of Tórshavn as a combination of both. Furthermore, empirical documents and material describing the history and methods of city planning in Tórshavn are close to none. Therefore, we entered into this project with a limited knowledge about the organization in the municipality. Our preconceived idea of the city planning in Tórshavn was primarily based on a lenient suspicion of a traditional practice and a lack of exchanging information and cooperation with the inhabitants of the city. To our mild astonishment, we obtained an insight into a quite active planning in Tórshavn. The picture became clearer; not a lack of planning, but a lack of public participation, which indicates a rather traditional, planning practice. We decided to base our study on four different cases in Tórshavn, which illustrate four different projects in the capital. Our study is also based on theories of planning. David Harvey’s theory regarding Western cities that seek to obtain growth through planning and Susan Fainstein’s discussion about various planning typologies have effective tools to characterize the planning processes in the city. From this we conclude that the planning is quite traditional and expert based where the urban government primarily is based on the municipality of Tórshavn as the sovereign authority. In addition we argue that the practice can be optimized through municipal initiatives, which makes use of new tools in terms of democratic and citizen-oriented planning approaches. An adjustment of the Faroese planning law in this direction and more nation based planning would as well create a more comprehensive planning.

UddannelserGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 maj 2015
VejledereHenrik Toft Jensen

Emneord

  • Færøerne
  • rural
  • Inkrementel planlægning
  • traditionel planlægning
  • entreprenørialisme
  • Tórshavn
  • managerialisme
  • Susan Fainstein
  • byplanlægning
  • David Harvey
  • urban
  • Planlægningstypologier
  • Demokratisk planlægning
  • små byer