Blinde og svagsynedes muligheder på arbejdsmarkedet: En undersøgelse af barrierer for beskæftigelse og nye initiativer til inklusion af personer med et synshandicap på arbejdsmarkedet.

Malthe Bjørn Koustrup Merrild

Studenteropgave: Speciale


In Denmark there is an appreciable amount of public support to help people with disabilities to interact and integrate with the society around them, both in terms of their social life, but also in being a part of the labor market on equal terms as people without disabilities.
In spite of the public support blind and visually impaired people are experiencing a low employ- ment rate and still fewer young people with visual impairments are graduating from a higher edu- cation.
In this thesis it is described how barriers between unemployment and getting a job on ordinary terms for people with visual impairments result in a problematic job seeking process. The barriers are both to be found in the Danish companies, the employment offices and in the individuals self- perception.
It is found that a discourse of blind and visually impaired peoples minute ability to work creates a barrier for employment in a lot of companies. Another noticeable barrier is that the employment offices don’t screen for disabilities, and when they find a person with a disability, they are often not able to give the person a specialized treatment based on academic knowledge about positive ways to get the person back into the labor market.
But the biggest barrier might be the blind and visually impaired people’s self-perception. It is found that loneliness, a small social network and a low feeling of self-confidence is creating boundaries for individuals in the job seeking process.
New initiatives to create greater inclusion of people with disabilities in the labor market will be introduced over the coming years. Most of them are focusing on minimizing external structural bar- riers by increasing the accessibility at certain educations, creating competency cards and creating campaigns with the goal of changing negative discourses about the workability of people with dis- abilities. But only few of the new initiatives addresses the internal mental barriers of low self-confi- dence of the people with visually impairments. To overcome these barriers there is a need for more initiatives supporting personal development and psychological treatment of blind and visually im- paired people.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Antal sider79
VejledereBent Greve